Keyword: ‘anthropometry’

Considering Human Variability When Implementing Product Platforms

In Publications

Garneau, C. J., Nadadur, G., and Parkinson, M. B. (2014). In Simpson, T. W., Jiao, J., Siddique, Z. and Hölttä-Otto, K. (Eds.), Advances in Product Family and Product Platform Design. New York, NY: Springer.

Design for Human Variability (DfHV) is the practice of designing artifacts, tasks, and environments that are robust to the variability in their users. Designs often incorporate adjustability and/or offer several sizes to account for the different requirements of the target user population. There are several situations where DfHV can provide platforming opportunities that might otherwise be overlooked. Continue reading…

The Need for and Lessons from a Web-Based Tool for Design for Human Variability

In Publications

D. Reuben Haupt, Christopher J. Garneau, Matthew B. Parkinson (2014). Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Design Research and Education (ICADRE14).

Design for Human Variability (DfHV) is a DfX activity that supports the design of artifacts, tasks, and environments that are robust to the variabilty in their users. This requires an understanding of the body size and shape of the target user population. Unfortunately, data and training to properly support these activities are not adequate. Continue reading…

Preliminary validation of a tool for visualizing anthropometric data

In Publications

Garneau, C. J. and Parkinson, M. B. (2011). Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Digital Human Modeling.

Accurate representations of anthropometry are necessary for effective digital human models. It has been known for decades that inappropriate application of univariate anthropometric data to multivariate problems yields suboptimal design performance. However, traditional design tools including textbooks and univariate data tables do not foster an understanding about appropriate means for solving multivariate problems. Continue reading…

Probability of user fit for spatially optimized products

In Publications

Garneau, C. J. and Parkinson, M. B. (2011). Proceedings of the 2011 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Washington, DC.

This study offers a new method for understanding the likelihood of acceptable fit for users of adjustable products and environments and is a useful tool for aiding the designer in making decisions about problems involving human variability. Continue reading…

Including Preference in Anthropometry-Driven Models for Design

In Publications

Garneau, C. J. and Parkinson, M. B. (2009). ASME Journal of Mechanical Design 131(10).

In the design of artifacts that interact with people, the spatial dimensions of the target user population are often used to determine requirements of the engineered artifact. The expected variability in body dimensions (called “anthropometry”) is used to indicate how much adjustability or how many sizes are required to accommodate the intended user population. However, the quantification of anthropometric variability alone is not sufficient to make these kinds of assessments in many situations. For example, two vehicle drivers with similar body dimensions might have different preferred locations for the seat. In these situations, preference can be broken into two components: that explained by body size and the variability that remains. By quantifying the magnitude of both sources, preference can be included in modeling strategies and design decision-making. Continue reading…

Including preference in anthropometry-driven models for design

In Publications

Garneau, C.J. and Parkinson, M.B. (2007). Proceedings of the 2007 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. Las Vegas, NV.

In the design of artifacts that interact with people, the spatial dimensions of the user population are often used to size and engineer the artifact. The variability in body dimensions (called “anthropometry”) is used to indicate how much adjustability or how many sizes are required to accommodate the intended user population. However, anthropometry is not the only predictor of these kinds of interactions. Continue reading…

A comparison of methodologies for designing for human variability

In Publications

Garneau, C.J. (2007). Undergraduate Honors Thesis.

In the design of artifacts that interact with people, the spatial dimensions of the user population are often used to size and engineer the artifact. The variability in size is used to indicate how much adjustability or how many sizes are required to accommodate the intended user population. However, size is not the only predictor of this kind of interaction. Continue reading…

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